The rhinoceros are the world’s second largest land animal after the elephant. The southern white rhino is the largest and most numerous species of rhinoceros that exists. It has a wide mouth used for grazing and is the most social of all rhino species. It has a massive body and large head, a short neck and broad chest. The head and body length is 11 to 13 feet in males and 10 to 12 feet in females, with the tail adding another 28 inches. The male shoulder height is 5 ½ to 6 ½ feet, while the female shoulder height is between 5 and 6 feet. Weight in this animal typically ranges from 3,000 to 8,000 pounds. The male, averaging 5,000 pounds is heavier than the female, at an average of 3,700 pounds.
On its snout it has two horn-like growths, one behind the other. These are made of solid keratin. This differs from the horns of cattle and their relatives, which are keratin with a bony core, and deer antlers, which are solid bone. The white rhinoceros also has a distinctive hump on the back of its neck that houses the ligaments that support its large head. Each of the four stumpy feet has three toes that act like a footpad. The color of the body ranges from yellowish brown to slate grey. Its only hair is on the fringe of the ears and tail bristles. Its ears can move independently to pick up sounds but it depends most of all on smell.